In this video post, I want to focus on Rationalism which is defined as follows:
Rationalism is any system that stresses reason as the means of determining truth. Mind is given authority over senses, the a priori over the a posteriori. Rationalists affirm first principles of knowledge and use reason to deduce objective truth.
The key thinkers covered in the following video are:
- René Descartes (1596-1650): “Cogito Ergo Sum” OR “I think, therefore I am.”
- Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677): “principe de raison” OR “The Principle of Sufficient Reason”
- Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz(1646-1716): The Last “Universal Genius” and the principle of “The Sufficient Reason”
Keep in mind, the ultimate goal of this series is to develop a functional Incarnational Apologetic, so to that end the following video will also close with a summary of both the pros and cons of Rationalism as the means to discover truth.